The Decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents hearing before the Committee on Science, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, November 8, 2001. by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science

Cover of: The Decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents | United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science

Published by U.S. G.P.O. in Washington, DC .

Written in English

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Places:

  • United States.

Subjects:

  • Bacillus anthracis -- Decontamination -- United States.,
  • Biological decontamination -- United States.,
  • Bioterrorism -- United States.

Book details

Classifications
LC ClassificationsKF27 .S39 2001b
The Physical Object
Pagination126 p. :
Number of Pages126
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3625410M
LC Control Number2002410517
OCLC/WorldCa49828236

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The Decontamination of Anthrax and Other Biological Agents THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 8, A.M.– P.M. RAYBURN HOUSE OFFICE BUILDING Purpose On Thursday, November 8, the House Committee on Science will hold a hearing to receive testimony regarding the decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents from public facilities.

Biological Decontamination. The first step in avoiding contamination by biological agents is to protect your body. Common good health habits help. There is a lot you can do to protect yourself in other ways too.

A number of books and manuals are available on the subject of biological/ chemical decontamination. Get this from a library. The Decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents: hearing before the Committee on Science, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, November 8, [United States.

Congress. House. Committee on Science.]. A 10% solution of household bleach is widely used for decontamination of surfaces and tools exposed to biological agents including B.

anthracis spores. However, it requires long contact times (Table 1) to inactivate spores, is corrosive for certain grades of stainless steel, and is highly unstable in the diluted by: 4. B. anthracis spores can be used as a biological Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classifies agents with recognized bioterrorism potential into three categories: A, B and C.

Anthrax is classified as a Category A agent. One factor contributing to this classification is the ability of B. anthracis spores to persist in the environment for many years. Serve as Biological Safety Officer to (1) The Decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents book, develop, and conduct programs to identify, assess, and correct unusual hazardous situations, peculiar to biomedical research, (2) provided expert consultation and technical assistance to the NIH and extramural biomedical research community regarding biosafety that involved biological agents and.

A decontamination formulation and method of making that neutralizes the adverse health effects of both chemical and biological compounds, especially chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents, and toxic industrial chemicals.

A biological agent (also called bio-agent, biological threat agent, biological warfare agent, biological weapon, or bioweapon) is a bacterium, virus, protozoan, parasite, or fungus that can be used purposefully as a weapon in bioterrorism or biological warfare (BW).

In addition to these living or replicating pathogens, toxins and biotoxins are also included among the bio-agents. Trained FBI, U.S. Coast Guard, independent contractors, and other personnel in appropriate anthrax decontamination procedures.

Worked with EPA, the Office of the Senate Sergeant at Arms, the U.S. Capitol Police, and others to determine that remediated Congressional buildings were ready for reooccupancy. Decontamination Procedures Decontamination Advisory - Clean up of Suspicious Powder/Substance (Antrhrax Concern) The specific decontamination procedure to be recommended depends on the specific circumstances.

Use common sense in assessing situations. Anthrax The Decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents book transmitted only by direct skin contact or direct inhalation of aerosolized.

Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. It can occur in four forms: skin, lungs, intestinal, and injection. Symptom onset occurs between one day to over two months after the infection is contracted.

The skin form presents with a small blister with surrounding swelling that often turns into a painless ulcer with a black : Bacillus anthracis. Decontamination foam (known commonly as Decon foam) is a spray-on cleaning solution that, due to its physical properties, has a longer residence time on contaminated surfaces than regular liquids and thus provides efficient decontamination of biological and chemical contaminants (e.g., chemical warfare agents, anthrax spores or other toxic industrial materials.

Biological decontamination, disinfection or sanitization. been on the front lines for the threats of anthrax, SARS, and H1N1. and under what conditions you can expect these agents to.

Any other use is prohibited. Anthrax: An Agent of Biological Warfare Teresa Thiel, Ph.D. University of Missouri-St. Louis As tensions with Iraq have increased, so has the U.S. government’s concern about weapons of war that are based on biological or chemical agents.

One such weapon is the agent of the disease called anthrax. The Air Mobility Command-hosted demonstration of the Joint Biological Agent Decontamination System (JBADS) several weeks ago, signaled the multi-year project is coming to a close.

The success of the new technology is the result of collaboration among several Defense Department and other government organizations. The principal disinfecting agents for destruction of anthrax spores are formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde (at pH –), hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid (Dietz & Böhm, ; Böhm, ).

Chlorine dioxide was the alternative chosen in the USA for decontamination of rooms following the anthrax letter events of   Researchers study decontamination of chemical, biological warfare agents Ap The U.S.

Army Research Office has awarded Virginia Tech a $, grant over two years to build an instrument that can be used to study the chemistry of gases that will decompose both chemical and biological warfare agents on surfaces.

Suggested Citation:"4 Anthrax Decontamination After the Attacks: Social and Political Context." National Research Council. Reopening Public Facilities After a Biological Attack: A Decision Making Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

doi: / Chemical and biological warfare agents are continuing threats to the military on the battlefield as well as to civilians in the form of terrorist attacks.

When material becomes contaminated with these agents, it must be decontaminated before it can be used or disposed of, and the extent of decontamination required will depend on the intended : Hardcover.

Anthrax, Smallpox, plague and botulism are examples of this type of biological agent B Type of biological agents that are moderately easily to disseminate, have moderate morbidity, low mortality, potential for major health impacts and require enhancement of CDCs diagnostic capacity and disease surveillance.

Tecomak provide a range of on-site biological decontamination and sterilisation services that can deliver a 6-log reduction of viruses, spores and fungi. We validate the efficacy of our decontamination process using stainless steel biological indicators that are populated with sixlog Geobacillus Stearothemophilus spores.

biological or radiological material, using gentle friction, such as rubbing with hands, cloth or sponges is recommended to aid in removal of the contamination. • Rubbing should start with the head and proceed down the body to the feet.

• Secondary File Size: KB. Objective To develop consensus-based recommendations for measures to be taken by medical and public health professionals following the use of.

Some infectious agents have the potential to be used in acts of bioterrorism. Because the threat of biological terrorism continues and children are likely to be affected disproportionately by such acts, pediatricians should be knowledgeable about agents of concern and the surveillance, management, and response systems needed to minimize physical and mental trauma to children.

"Guillemin’s book is a triple treat: it is a gripping detective story, a vivid portrayal of non-Moscow Russian life, and a standard-setting display of the scientific method at work. and there is a bonus: the reader will learn all about anthrax, the most likely weapon if biological warfare is ever waged."Cited by: Other biological agents may not be related to bioterrorism, yet still present as a major public health threat.

Examples include Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) pandemic that occurred inthe H1N1 influenza pandemic that occurred in April and the Ebola outbreak of Table of Contents Biosafety Levels 1 Historical Risk Factors Bacterial Diseases Cutaneous Anthrax 4 Pulmonary Anthrax 5 Gastrointestinal Anthrax 6 Tularemia 7 Bubonic and Septicemic Plague 8 Pneumonic Plague 9 Brucellosis 10 Q Fever 11 Glanders 12 Melioidosis 13 Epidemic Typhus 14 Viral Diseases.

Findings have already been used as a guide to help decontaminate other incidents, including decontamination following the ricin events. The results of this research will help provide state and local leaders, on-scene coordinators, waste managers and others with a guideline for effective decontamination in the event of a biological threat.

The release of nerve gas in the Tokyo subways, the spread of biological weapons, and the anthrax attack of in the United States demonstrate that not only is the threat of such menacing weapons real, but also that we must urgently prepare.

Gruinard Island, off the coast of Scotland, was contaminated in by a test use of anthrax spores by the United Kingdom and the United States; the island remained uninhabitable for decades.

The United States developed anthrax spores, botulinum toxin, and other agents as biological weapons but did not use them. While cutaneous anthrax infections account for about 95% of all human anthrax cases, there are other, more serious forms of anthrax: inhalation, gastrointestinal, meningeal and injectional.

Inhalation (lung) anthrax has initial symptoms that may resemble the common "flu,' including fever, muscle ache, mild cough and chest pain. Written by the world’s leading expert on the Tokyo sarin attacks, Chemical and Biological Weapons and Terrorism is a comprehensive examination of the use, detection, and prevention of chemical and biological attacks.

Divided in two parts, one devoted to chemical and the other biological weapons, this book emphasizes defense, decontamination, detection, Author: Anthony Tu. We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our : Charles Nathan Haas.

Handling Anthrax and other Biological Agent threat warfare biological warfare agents biological weapons Biopreparat blood bomblets bombs botulinum toxin brucellosis casualties cause cell chemical agents chemical and biological chemical weapons ciprofloxacin clinical cloud contaminated conventional culture decon decontamination defence.

Indeed, aerosolized forms of anthrax sprayed over a large population centre or a massed military force are capable of lethality approaching or exceeding that of a nuclear weapon.

Moreover, anthrax can be produced inexpensively, in larger quantities than can other biological warfare agents, and in facilities that are relatively easy to hide. In the Second World War, the Germans did not launch the much-feared biological attack, although they and the Allied forces experimented with the possibilities of using anthrax or other agents.

The UK military tested spore delivery systems of anthrax on. A number of biological agents are highly persistent, especially if the environmental conditions are favourable, and therefore an effective cordon will be required to deny access and prevent further spread.

It should be remembered that patients attending hospital from such a scene will require decontamination before admission.

To protect laboratory workers, the general public, and the environment, as well as to avoid release of infectious agents into the environment, laboratories use a combination of work practices and engineering controls, including decontamination strategies for work surfaces, items, and spaces within the laboratory, to mitigate this : Matthew J.

Arduino. All levels of government and law enforcement are making plans to contain the effects of a terrorist attack using chemical and biological warfare agents.

An important containment strategy is to enable emergency response personnel (e.g., police, fire fighters, etc.) to neutralize the threat using decontamination methods. Book Description. Written by the world’s leading expert on the Tokyo sarin attacks, Chemical and Biological Weapons and Terrorism is a comprehensive examination of the use, detection, and prevention of chemical and biological attacks.

Divided in two parts, one devoted to chemical and the other biological weapons, this book emphasizes defense, decontamination, detection. Decontamination Line” SOG is used to prevent the spread of contamination beyond the exclusion zone (EZ), often called the hot zone; to remove personal protective equipment (PPE) without exposing personnel to contamination; and for verifying the effectiveness of procedures to ensure no contamination.MAJOR CATEGORIES OF BIOLOGICAL AGENTS OF NATURAL ORIGIN MAJOR CATEGORIES OF BIOLOGICAL AGENTS OF NATURAL ORIGIN CATEGORY EXAMPLES Micro-organisms • Viruses • Bacteria • Fungi • Influenza, Rabies, Hepatitis A, HIV Brucella, Anthrax, Leptospira, Thermophilic bacteria, Tetanus, Mycobacteria (TB) Aspergillus, Alternaria File Size: KB.Biological Agent Decontamination.

Technology Testing. TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT. pH-Amended Bleach CASCAD ™ Surface Decontamination Foam (Allen-Vanguard) Decon Green EasyDECON ® (EFT Holdings, Inc.) Spor-Klenz ® RTU (STERIS Corporation) Peridox ® RTU (CET, LLC) Office of Research and Development National Homeland Security Research.

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